Dr. Kuang received his PhD in applied physics in 2014 from Utrecht University, The Netherlands. Dr. Kuang has an interdisciplinary background in physics, chemistry, and materials science. His research interests include deposition and characterization of thin film materials particularly for solar cell applications. He is experienced in a variety of metal oxide thin films including defect passivation layer of Al2O3, electron and hole selective transport layers of e.g. SnO2, TiO2 and NiO, and transparent conducting oxides as window electrode layers of ITO, In2O3:H and ZnO:Al etc. by atomic layer deposition or by magnetron sputtering. He is currently mainly working on upscaling of perovskite based photovoltaic technology towards 30 x 30 cm2 module with stability, including both single junction and multiple junction architectures.